The Juvenile Justice Professional's Guide to
Human Subjects Protection and the IRB Process
Home Before we begin Let's begin History of H.S. Protection Confidentiality of Secondary Youth Data Responsibility for Protecting Human Subjects Administration of the IRB
Research Juvenile Justice Site Map
Responsibilities of the Researcher
Responsibilies of the IRB
Researcher
Data Lending Agency
Institution

Message:

The researcher is ultimately responsible for ensuring the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects.

Implication:
Juvenile justice researchers must have the necessary education, training, skills, and experience to assume the responsibilities of human subjects research. The qualifications of the researcher must match the complexity of the research design.

The responsibilities of the researcher are to:
  • Ensure that all members of the research team are qualified to conduct the study and are trained in research methods and human subjects protection ethics and regulations.

  • Protect the rights and welfare of all human research participants.

  • Provide an IRB with adequate information for Board review.

  • Comply with all Federal, state, and local human subject protection regulations; the Common Rule for the Department of Justice, Title 28, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations and Title 28 Code of Federal Regulations Part 22 (28 CFR22) Confidentiality of Identifiable Research and Statistical Information.

  • Ensure that the confidentiality of identifiable private information of all youth is maintained when secondary data files are utilized for research; submit Privacy Certificate and Information Transfer Agreement.

  • Ensure that all subject selection is equitable, and that no individual or group is overburdened by the risks involved in participating in research without potential benefit from participation.

  • Ensure that legal requirements for informed consent by potential research subjects will be met.

  • Comply with all IRB approval decisions, conditions, and guidelines as established by the Common Rule for the Department of Justice, Title 28, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations and Title 28 Code of Federal Regulations Part 22 (28 CFR22) Confidentiality of Identifiable Research and Statistical Information.

  • Conduct the study according to IRB-approved procedures.

  • Provide a copy of an IRB-approved consent form to each research participant.

  • Maintain records of all informed consent processes and documents.

  • Promptly report to the IRB all proposed changes to previously approved research activities prior to their implementation.

  • Promptly provide research participants with information about any changes in the study that may affect a participant’s willingness to continue.

  • Promptly report to the IRB all injuries or unanticipated problems involving risks to participants or other individuals.

  • Report all serious or continuing noncompliance with Federal regulations or IRB requirements.

  • Report progress of IRB-approved research at least every twelve months.

OJJDP Home | NCJJ Home | National Juvenile Court Data Archive | Site Map