The responsibilities of an Institutional Review Board (IRB) are to:
The IRB reviews research proposals before the research is conducted
to determine if the research project follows the Federal regulations
that protect human subjects and the ethical principles of respect,
beneficence, and justice.
Juvenile justice researchers should submit research proposals to an IRB with
sufficient information to demonstrate that the proposed study will
comply with all human subject regulations and ethical standards.
Researchers should seek advice from an IRB prior to submitting proposals
that include vulnerable subjects or sensitive research topics.
The fundamental responsibility of the IRB review is to assure that the
rights and welfare of the human subject are protected.
- Review all submitted research proposals, including first-time submissions
and previously approved proposals, and approve, disapprove, or
require modification(s) to them.
- Give the investigator timely notice of approval, disapproval, and modifications required.
- Make certain that all Federal, state, and local requirements are met for human
subject protection as established by the Common Rule for the Department
of Justice, Title 28, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations
and Title 28 Code of Federal Regulations Part 22 (28 CFR22) Confidentiality
of Identifiable Research and Statistical Information.
- Carry out continuing review of each research study at least once a year,
with more frequent reviews for high-risk studies that include
vulnerable populations or sensitive research topics.
- Suspend or terminate all previously approved research studies whenever
unexpected harm to participants is reported or continuing review
reveals that the study is not in compliance with the original
IRB approval conditions.
- Carry out all IRB record keeping and documentation requirements.
- Comply with IRB quorum requirements.