The Juvenile Justice Professional's Guide to
Human Subjects Protection and the IRB Process
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Responsibilities of the Institutional Review Board
Responsibilies of the IRB
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The IRB reviews research proposals before the research is conducted to determine if the research project follows the Federal regulations that protect human subjects and the ethical principles of respect, beneficence, and justice.

Juvenile justice researchers should submit research proposals to an IRB with sufficient information to demonstrate that the proposed study will comply with all human subject regulations and ethical standards. Researchers should seek advice from an IRB prior to submitting proposals that include vulnerable subjects or sensitive research topics.

The responsibilities of an Institutional Review Board (IRB) are to:
  • Review all submitted research proposals, including first-time submissions and previously approved proposals, and approve, disapprove, or require modification(s) to them.

  • Give the investigator timely notice of approval, disapproval, and modifications required.

  • Make certain that all Federal, state, and local requirements are met for human subject protection as established by the Common Rule for the Department of Justice, Title 28, Part 46, of the Code of Federal Regulations and Title 28 Code of Federal Regulations Part 22 (28 CFR22) Confidentiality of Identifiable Research and Statistical Information.

  • Carry out continuing review of each research study at least once a year, with more frequent reviews for high-risk studies that include vulnerable populations or sensitive research topics.

  • Suspend or terminate all previously approved research studies whenever unexpected harm to participants is reported or continuing review reveals that the study is not in compliance with the original IRB approval conditions.

  • Carry out all IRB record keeping and documentation requirements.

  • Comply with IRB quorum requirements.

The fundamental responsibility of the IRB review is to assure that the rights and welfare of the human subject are protected.

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