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Found 68 results for "Howard Snyder"


Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics

Howard Snyder

Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) regarding sexual assault, especially of young children. The data are based on reports from law enforcement agencies of 12 States and covers the years 1991 through 1996.


Restitution and Juvenile Recidivism

Howard Snyder, Jeffrey Butts

This OJJDP Update on Research examines the effects of restitution on the recidivism rates of juvenile offenders. Data was obtained from the National Juvenile Court Data Archive. The results suggest that the use of restitution is associated with significant reductions in recidivism among certain juvenile offenders.


Research's Two Modes for Discovering Evidence-Based Programming

Howard Snyder

In this article, the author describes researchers' efforts to use both experimental studies and meta-analyses as different ways to conduct program evaluation research.


Reliability of NIBRS Data: Five Case Studies

Eileen Poe, Howard Snyder

This study explores the consistency of automated law enforcement data as they pass from local to state data files, and from state files to the data file of the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System.


Race as a Factor in Juvenile Arrests

Howard Snyder, Carl Pope

Analyzes statistics from the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System for evidence of racial bias in police arrests of juveniles for violent crimes. Focuses on a somewhat neglected area of research, i.e., the role that race plays in police decisionmaking. It compares arrest probabilities of white and nonwhite juveniles for violent crimes and finds no direct evidence that an offender's race affects police decisions to take juveniles into custody in such incidents.


Prevalence and Development of Child Delinquency

Howard Snyder, Rachele Espiritu, David Huizinga, Rolf Loeber, David Petechuk

This OJJDP Bulletin provides information on very young offenders (those between the ages of 7 and 12) who become involved with the juvenile justice system. This Bulletin is part of OJJDP's Child Delinquency Series, which presents the findings of the Study Group on Very Young Offenders.


Models for Change Systems Reform In Juvenile Justice Framework

Pat Torbet, Patrick Griffin, Howard Snyder, Gregg Halemba, Doug Thomas

This matrix provides the original matrix of values, goal, practices and measures that were used to from the MacArthur Foundation’s Models for Change, Systems Change in Juvenile Justice strategy in 2003-04. The matrix is a product of a planning retreat organized by NCJJ in 2003.


Minorities in the Juvenile Justice System

Howard Snyder, Melissa Sickmund

Presents information on overrepresentation of minority youth in the juvenile justice system in comparison to their proportion in the general population, with focus on disproportionate confinement of minorities. This Bulletin includes statistics on racial-ethnic makeup of juvenile offenders from arrest, court-processing, and confinement records. The Bulletin notes that there is substantial evidence of widespread disparity in juvenile case processing of minority and nonminority youth and that racial-ethnic differences can occur at all stages of the …


Law Enforcement and Juvenile Crime

Howard Snyder

This OJJDP Bulletin describes the extent and characteristics of juvenile arrests, based on 1999 statistics. It provides arrest rates for violent and property crimes, drug and weapons offenses, and violations of alcohol, curfew, and loitering laws. Arrests and arrest trends for males and females and for diverse racial groups are compared. The Bulletin also details the characteristics of the victims and the perpetrators of homicides committed by juveniles.


Juvenile Transfers to Criminal Court in the 1990's: Lessons Learned From Four Studies

Howard Snyder, Melissa Sickmund, Eileen Poe-Yamagata

This report describes four studies of juvenile transfers to adult criminal court conducted for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, features an overview of each of the four studies, and outlines key findings across study lines. Background on transfer mechanisms, past transfer research, and study methodology is also provided.

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